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奉天第一偽鈔案:曹錕和張作霖的金融戰爭

原標題:奉天第一偽鈔案:曹錕和張作霖的金融戰爭

北洋大時代道德篇(二百三十五):時常思慮,以備后患。

民國十三年九月,奉天小東門附近一家小面館里,忽然來了一位出手闊綽的商人。當時正是第二次直奉戰爭時期,平日繁華熱鬧的小東門顯得格外蕭條冷清。來面館的這位特殊客人,操著一口天津口音,店主不免生疑。奉天人都知道,九月二十一日,張作霖親自去山海關督戰后,京奉鐵路上幾乎全是運輸軍械的貨車,客車幾近斷絕。這位天津客商為何在兵荒馬亂的時候到奉天來?穿戴如此闊綽,又為何到這家小面館來就餐?吃完一大碗關外特有的牛肉拉面后,天津客商拿出一張東三省銀號民國六年發行的“一二大洋匯兌券”,即“關東流行的奉票”結帳。

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店主一看十分驚訝,此前,奉天省財政廳已就城內流通偽鈔通告各大小商號及店鋪,凡發現來歷不明的外省人或可疑的“一二大洋匯兌券”,必須馬上上報。店主感到關系重大,以外出兌換零錢為借口出門上報。不料,天津客商從店主反常舉止中看出破綻,不顧老板娘挽留奪門而出,恰好撞上聞訊趕來的巡警,被當場抓獲。天津客商被關進北大營監獄后,幾經刑訊,堅不吐實。只供認是從長春來找東三省銀號經理彭相亭辦事的,身上所攜數千元“一二大洋匯兌券”均為彭相亭所給,其余一概不知。奉天“錢袋子”掌門人王永江格外重視此案,召集東北造幣專家研究,一致認定,自稱“孫德利”的天津客商所攜 “一二大洋匯兌券”均系偽鈔,這也是當時轟動一時的奉天第一偽鈔案。

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在高倍放大鏡下,這些偽鈔的背后香山圖案左角云卷紋中,有一條被刻版者故意截斷一點的紋線,如不細察幾可亂真,王永江認定偽鈔后,又從孫德利口供中獲知此案涉及彭相亭。此人的另一層身份是張作霖的結拜兄弟。王永江遂連夜搭專車赴山海關前線,在天泰棧向張作霖面陳一切。張作霖聽后大發雷霆,罵彭相亭“他敢趁吳子玉與我打仗的時候,干這種損事,一旦查實,不論何人,一律問處極刑。”“小諸葛”楊宇霆等人對此尚有異議,勸張作霖冷靜處之,然而張作霖還是電令奉天軍事留守官吳俊升,即刻將彭相亭逮捕。張作霖幾次電令軍法處長常蔭槐對彭相亭嚴加審訊,然而彭相亭寧死不招。

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不久,直奉戰事稍有緩解,張作霖與王永江專車返回奉天,即在奉天大南門張作霖大帥府提審彭相亭。就在彭相亭將被張作霖處死之時,有一個人從北京趕到天津,找到東三省銀號天津分號經理劉春軒。此人名叫曲同豐,曾經的皖系軍閥元老,第一次直奉戰爭中,曲同豐結識了楊宇霆,后來在京畿經楊宇霆介紹拜識張作霖,遂成至交。曲同豐此次北上天津,負有使命。曲同豐在客棧里約見了劉春軒,十分機密地透露一條消息:直系軍閥首領曹錕,為支持吳佩孚對奉作戰,密令印鈔局火速盜印東北銀號百元鈔五百萬元。曲同豐告訴劉春軒,曹錕之所以這樣做,除為解決軍餉外,更主要的是擾亂東北金融,這是一場金融戰爭,務請盡快將此事秘告張大帥,也不枉我與張大帥相好一場。

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劉春軒將信將疑,見此情景,曲同豐遂從包內取出一張照片,上面攝有直系軍閥骨干王承斌給崔承熾的手令:“茲奉大總統面諭:興軍以來,軍需孔亟。著將東三省官銀號和東北銀行鈔票,迅即各印五百萬,以濟軍用,緩解燃眉。事關機密,不得泄露,違者決以軍法從事。”劉春軒見了加印北洋官防的密令,方才信以為真。曲同豐還告訴劉春軒,印刷局的工人在盜印東三省銀號的鈔票時,害怕日后為奉軍所知,有推卸不掉的罪責故而在重新制版時,有意在百元版的背面花紋上截掉一塊花紋,留下識別真偽的暗記。張作霖接到劉春軒拍來的密電后,如夢方醒,知道是曹錕在暗中作對,冤枉了磕頭弟兄彭相亭,當即將其無罪開釋了,這場奉天第一偽鈔案遂告破。

參考資料:《湖北檔案》、《北洋軍閥統治時期史話》、《菜根譚》返回搜狐,查看更多

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聲明:該文觀點僅代表作者本人,搜狐號系信息發布平臺,搜狐僅提供信息存儲空間服務。
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